Knyazhy Ostrov is an amazing corner of wildlife
Director of Ecological Centre of Tver State University,
Candidate of Biological Sciences, Executive Editor of Red Data Book of Tver oblast
As this territory is far from the negative sources of impact and nature of this area is various, many rare and endangered species of animals, plants, mushrooms and lichens are preserved here. These species are fixed in the Red Data Book of the Tver oblast and require special attention and control.
Over the water surface of Seliger you can see large birds of prey, listed in the Red Data Book of Russia. Fish eagle hunts here, flying and deftly snatching a large fish right from the lake. White-tailed eagle, the largest feathered predator, also lives here. It is easy to recognize this bird by the two-meter wingspread and the white tail. You can meet flying flocks of rare waders along the shore. They are the black-tailed godwit with a long straight beak and the Eurasian curlew with a curved down beak.
If you visit the forest, you can also find rare species of flora and fauna. The lungwort grows in large trees sometimes. This lichen got its name because of its resemblance to the human lungs. It is very easy to breathe here. Bushy lichens, hanging from the trees, and all kinds of usneas symbolize the air purity. You can find neckera pennata. It is a rare moss growing on large aspens. It forms large turf on trunks, similar to a puffy green beard.You can meet coral hydnum. It isa rare mushroom, growing on large fallen trees and stumps. It’s easy to notice. Large milky white fruit bodies really resemble coral in shape!
You can rarely find a small northern orchid. It is an adder’s-mouth orchid. It has just one leaflet and a low yellow-green inflorescence. You can understand that this is an orchid by careful examination the shape of the flowers.
And if you reach a forest swamp, you can meet cranes. You can easily understand that they are near by their specific clang. The crane can not be confused externally with other birds. They brood here in dense swamps. As for rare swamp plants you can see crowberry here. Though it has black berries, it’s not suitable for eating. But cloudberry is quite a different story! But this kind of berry is rare in this area
You can see even more kinds in these amazing place! Knyazhy Ostrov is a unique corner of wildlife of Seliger!